White Paper: Refractive index measurements have established themselves as the technique of choice for qualifying peroxide content in slurries for CMP of tungsten. Many emerging process flows use CMP as a critical tool for building circuit structures, dramatically increasing the number of CMP steps — and thus the number of opportunities for yield loss if slurry composition deviates from the specification.

While auto-titration measurements can give extremely accurate results, they impose large capital equipment and ongoing maintenance costs and offer only discrete sampling at specified intervals. Refractive index, a continuous, non-slurry-consuming measurement, helps fabs identify slurry composition faults quickly, reducing the number of wafers at risk.

Download the complete white paper Inline Refractive Index Replaces Auto-titration in Qualifying H2O2 Concentration in CMP of Tungsten (PDF).